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About Rajasthan

Rajasthan is situated in the North Western part of India and shares geographical boundaries with Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat in India. It also has a long international boundary with Pakistan. It has a total area of 342,214 sq. km and is the largest state in the country. About 4500 sq. km area of Alwar district of Rajasthan is included in the National Capital Region (NCR). The National Capital Region (NCR) centred around New Delhi, the Indian capital, is being developed in an integrated manner as an industrial growth centre with considerable Central Investment in infrastructural facilities. Seven Industrial Areas in the district of Alwar fall within this region and are 50 - 100 kms from New Delhi.
Archaeological and historical evidence shows a continuous human habitation of the area dating back 100,000 years. Between the 7th and the 11th century AD, several dynasties arose, with Rajput strength reaching its peak at the beginning of the 16th c. Emperor Akbar brought the Rajput states into the Mughal empire; by early 19th century, they allied with the Marathas. Later, the British established paramountcy in the region. Raj- asthan soon emerged as a centre of Indian nationalism. When the new constitution went into effect in 1950, Rajput princes surrendered their powers to the Indian Union.

The People: There is majesty in every man of Rajasthan; they are after all the sons of kings. Rajasthan is a harsh, scorched land of savage summer heat but also full of the brightest colours. Countering the barren landscape with vibrant hues in their everyday wear and charming murals painted on their drab sepia-coloured mud homes, for the people, life is one big carnival. Even in the face of sure death. Here are many tales of desperate courage writ. Of men donning saffron robes and riding out to confront the enemy and women folk preferring death to dishonour. Even in everyday life today, the Rajput's sense of honour, family and tradition come foremost.

Culture: Rajasthan has made its contribution to Indian art; there is a rich literary tradition, especially of bardic poetry. Chand Bardai's poem Prithvi Raj Raso or Chand Raisa, the earliest manuscript of which dates to the 12th century, is particularly notable. A popular source of entertainment is the khyal, a dance drama composed in verse with festive, historical, or romantic themes. The typical folk dance of Rajasthan is the ghoomar, which is performed on festive occasions only by women. The geer dance (performed by men and women), the panihari (a graceful dance for women), and the kacchi ghori (in which male dancers ride dummy horses) are also popular.

Climate: Climatically, Rajasthan is the driest part of India. The Aravali mountains stretching diagonally across the State from the South-West to North-East separate the desert and semi-desert areas to the West from the sub-humid areas in the East. Population densities are higher in the eastern part of the State and nineteen of the thirtytwo districts of the State fall in the non-desert area to the east of the Aravallis.


A blushing Profile....
Albert Hall, JaipurJaipur, popularly known as Pinkcity, was built in 1727 AD by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II and designed by the brilliant young Bengali architect Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya. Designed in accordance with Shilp Shastra - an ancient Hindu treatise on architecture - Jaipur follows a grid system. The wide straight bazaars, raastaas (streets), galis (lanes), mohallas and uniform rows of shops on either side of main bazaars are arranged in nine rectangular city sectors called chaukris. Encircled by a formidable wall, Jaipur was the only planned city of its time. Places of interest are located mainly in the walled city. Places to visit are Amer Palace, Jai garh, Nahar Garh, Galtaji, Sisodiya Rani Ka Bagh, Hawa Mahal, City Palace, Albert Hall (Museaum), Birla Temple.


A valiant stand in the desert....
Mehrangarh Fort, JodhpurJodhpur, popularly known as Surya Nagari (Sun City). It was the capital of the former princely State of Marwar. Jodhpur was founded by Rao Jodha in 1459. Rao Jodha got the Mehrangarh fort built, around this fort grew the city of Jodhpur. A son of Rao Jodha named Bika founded the state of Bikaner. Jodhpur is primarily dry state.The lifestyle in Jodhpur is unusually fascinating with folks wearing lovely multihued costumes and artistically designed dresses. Women folk wear wide gathered skirts and hiplength jacket, with three-quarter length sleeves, covering the front and back. The colorful turbans worn by the men folk add more color to the city. It was from here that the popularly worn baggy-tight, horse riding trousers - "Jodhpuris" took their name.


A painters delight....
Kota style Painting, KotaThe south eastern region of Rajasthan known as Hadoti comprises of Bundi, Baran, Jhalawar and Kota. Kota lies along the banks of the Chambal River. The historical palaces and temples are getting surrounded with signs of modern development such as the chemical and other industries that have come up here, as has the Chambal River Valley Project, an irrigation and power project. The city came up in the 12th century A.D, when the Rajput conquests began. Rao Deva founded Bundi as the capital of Kota. Kota was later to become a separate state in the 17th Century. Places to visit are the Rao Madho Singh Museum, Govt. Museum, City Palace and Fort, Jagmandir, Haveli of Deaji


A scintillating white wonder....
City Palace, UdaipurUdaipur is the pearl of India, the entrancing "City of Dawn". The land of the Rajputs, faithful to its glorious history and traditions. Here are lakes that come as a surprise in sandy Rajasthan and forested hills where wildlife still abounds. Udaipur was founded in 1559 by Maharana Udai Singh and was the capital of Mewar State. Places to visit are City Palace/Museum, Lake Pichola, Jagdish Temple, Saheliyon Ki Bari.The temples of Eklingji, Nathdwara and Ranakpur, the fort of Kumbalgarh and Jaisamand Lake. Further away are the great fort of Chittorgarh, the spectacular temples of Mount Abu and the splendid palaces of Dungarpur.


A desert land where camels reign....
Junagarh Fort, BikanerIt was founded in 1488 by Rao Bikaji - a descendant of the founder of Jodhpur. The most famous of all structures in Bikaner is the massive Fort with it's 986 mtrs. long wall, 37 bastions, 2 entrances and exquisite quality of stone-carving seen on the palaces and havelis inside the fort. Lalgarh Palace , Bhandsagar temple complex, Devikund , camel breeding farm, Gajner, Karni Mata Temple are the places to visit.


Jaisalmer City Guide....
Once a sleepy desert city, Jaisalmer has transformed itself into a major tourist destination of India. Situated amid picturesque Thar Desert, the Jaisalmer city commands premiere position among the tourist attractions scattered all over the desert land of Rajasthan. The Jaisalmer city is revered both by Indians as well as foreign tourists. The Jaisalmer city is a prominent educational as well as cultural hub in the region and regularly showcases the vivid cultural aspects of Rajasthan. Among others, it includes folk dances as well as semi classical and folk music.


Ranakpur Tourism....
Ranakpur is located 98 Km from Udaipur, named after Rana Kumbha, is one of the five main holy places of the Jains. Its 500 years old temples are unique in their style & design, with no other place in Rajasthan having the same ambience and setting as that of Ranakpur. The most famous is the Chaumukha Temple sprawling over 48,000 sq.ft with 29 halls, 80 domes & 1,444 distinctively carved pillars. Another temple worth visiting is the Sun Temple having polygonal walls with impressive carvings of warriors, horses & splendid chariots.


Kumbhalgarh Town....
Kumbhalgarh, located 64 Km from Udaipur, this mountain fortress built in 15th century was called the "eye of Mewar" because of its strategic position in relation to its agressive neighbours of Gujarat and Marwar. Designed in accordance with the ancient Hindu treatise, Vastu Shastra, it has a commanding view of the wild and rugged landscape of the Aravallis, having an array of magnificient palaces and ruined temples. The fort rises, like the crown of the Hindu Cybele, tier above tier of battlements to the summit, which is crowned with the Badal Mahal, or "Cloud Palace" of the Ranas.


Mountabu Tourism....
A pleasant retreat set amidst the lush forested hills, Mt. Abu is a green oasis in the barren desertscape that's Rajasthan. Situated at the southern tip of the Aravali range the hill retreat owes its cool climate to its rich flora covering the entire hillside that includes coniferous trees and flowering shrubs. The road leading to Mount Abu is a curved one characterized by arid region dotted with huge rocks in weird shapes and high velocity winds. The only hill station in Rajasthan, Mount Abu is more than just a summer retreat. Its stunning array of exquisite Dilwara Jain Temples, dating back 11th- 13th centuries, make it a popular pilgrimage centre. According to a legend stands for the son of Himalayan, deriving its name from Arbuada, the powerful serpent who rescued Nandi, the sacred bull of Lord Shiva, from a chasm.